CERN Celebrates 20 Years of World Wide Web
CERN Celebrates 20 Years of World Wide Web
Written by Historian   
Tuesday, 30 April 2013

Can you imagine not having the web at your fingertips? Or it  being so expensive that only big corporations and elite universities could afford it? An undertaking made 20 years ago led to the World Wide Web being freely available to all. 

The technology that we now know as the World Wide Web or W3 had been invented in 1989 by British physicist Tim Berners-Lee to meet the demand for information sharing between physicists in universities and institutes around the world.

On April 30, 1993 two officials at CERN, Director of Research W. Hoogland and Director of Administration, signed a statement in which they put that technology  into the public domain on a royalty-free basis.

The components they made available for anyone to use, duplicate, modify and redistribute were:

  • W3 basic ("line-mode") client
  • W3 basic server
  • W3 library of common code

According to the statement:

CERN's intention in this is to further compatibility, common practices, and standards in networking and computer supported collaboration.

As a result the World  Wide Web has evolved to be the resource we have come to take for granted.

 

cernstatement

 

To celebrate the 20th anniversary of this historic undertaking , a team at CERN set out to restore the world's first website and to preserve some of the digital assets associated with the birth of the web.

You can now browse the world's first website, which was originally hosted on Berners'Lee's NeXT computer and was about the World Wide Web itself. It is well worth clicking around the replica of this primitive site to realize just how far we've come in 20 years.

origworldwideweb

 

According to Dan Noyes on the project's blog, this first website "was probably quite lonely" as few people had access either to browser or web servers. One of the people who has a browser was Tim Berners-Lee and this screenshot is of the original NeXT web browser in 1993:

 (click to open in high resolution)

cernwebbrowswer

 

The restoration project team aims to make http://info.cern.ch - the first web address - a destination that reflects the story of the beginnings of the web for the benefit of future generations and is looking for volunteers to help.

 

 

Banner


Top 10 - PHP For Web Development
02/02/2018

PHP is one of the most widely used programming languages for web development and if you're a web developer you really can't avoid it. Here is a selection of helpul posts about the language and its fra [ ... ]



Open Media Alliance AV1 Is Better Than JPEG
23/01/2018

The Alliance for Open Media's work on an alternative video codec is making progress with tests in a trial version of Firefox showing that the Alliance's AV1 video compression technology produces video [ ... ]


More News

Last Updated ( Tuesday, 30 April 2013 )
 
 

   
Banner
RSS feed of news items only
I Programmer News
Copyright © 2018 i-programmer.info. All Rights Reserved.
Joomla! is Free Software released under the GNU/GPL License.