It seems to be all too easy to invent a new language at the moment and as a result there are a lot of choices on offer. From having only a small number of languages that were "important" we now have enough to make the beginner's question, "which language should I learn/use" a really difficult one.
As well as the long standing minority a languages such as Perl, and PHP, we now have Python, Ruby, Clojure, Scala, Erlang, F#, Objective C, D and so on. This list isn't accurate or authoritative it's just a list of languages that have been brought to my attention because of books, news items or general interest.
It has never been easier to create a language - the tools are more than ready - but does this explain why new languages are springing up like weeds? Another likley factor is dissatisfaction with the old languages. InformIT has an interesting interview with Rob Pike the designer of Google's Go language.
"The starting point was long compile times—for some of our big software at Google, build times can be unreasonably long, even with our large distributed compilation clusters. The dependency management (or lack thereof) in C and C++ results in far too much code going through the compiler.
You might say that Go was conceived while waiting for a big compilation."
So Go is a response to slow builds. (Read the rest of the interview: All Systems Are Go). The mainstream languages are bloated seems to be a common opinion - but there are reasons why they are "big" and it is a law of languages that new "small" languages grow to be "big" as they accrete features.
See what you think of the new v old argument as you watch Rob Pike's recent presentation at OSCOM.
New languages are fun but I Programmer's conclusion is that they divert valuable talent away from the real job in hand - getting the languages we already have into good shape.
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