Android Adventures - Pickers
Banner
Android Adventures - Pickers
Written by Mike James   
Thursday, 10 September 2015
Article Index
Android Adventures - Pickers
Coding the TimePicker
Date Picker
Number Picker
Multi-Digit Input
Summary & Conclusion

DatePicker

Once you have seen the TimePicker in action there is very little to add to cover the DatePicker.  

To see the DatePicker in action simply start a new project called Date and accept all of the defaults. Place a DatePicker on the design surface at the top lefthand corner.

The DatePicker underwent the same changes in Material Design as did the TimePicker. As long as you use the latest API and the default layout it will show in a calender format in Lollipop on:

mtdate

 

If you run your app on an older pre-Lollipop version of Android then you will see the spinner version:

mtdatespinner

 

There is no easy way to get back to the old pre-holo style of DatePicker:

Dateoldstyle

 

You can opt to display the holo spinner version in all Android versions by setting the datePickerMode to spinner. 

As an alternative you can also opt to also show a full Calendar in spinner mode by setting CalendarViewShown to true. The spinnerShown property can also be set to false to remove the spinners. 

 

mfdatepickerspincal

 

As well as playing with the way the DatePicker looks, you can also set and get all of the parts of a date using:

  • DayOfMonth
  • Month
  • Year

You can also set and get maximum and minimum dates that the widget will show using properties. 

When it comes to interacting with the widget you can set up a button to allow the user to set the date as with the TimePicker or you can use the OnDateChanged event to track the value. Doing this follows the same steps as for the OnTimeChanged event but with a small difference - there is no setOnDateChangedListener method. Instead there is an init method which can be used to set the date and the event handler. 

For example, if you add a TextView to the bottom of the design surface and the following code for the event handler then you can see the date change each time the user makes a change:


DatePicker.OnDateChangedListener onDateChanged=
  new DatePicker.OnDateChangedListener() {
 @Override
 public void onDateChanged(
        DatePicker view,
        int year,
        int monthOfYear,
        int dayOfMonth) {
  TextView tv =
         (TextView)findViewById(R.id.textView);
  tv.setText(Integer.toString(monthOfYear) +
    "/"+Integer.toString(dayOfMonth)+
       "/"+Integer.toString(year)
  );
 }
};

 

To set up the DatePicker you need to add to the end of the OnCreate event handler: 

DatePicker dp = (DatePicker)
              findViewById(R.id.datePicker);  dp.init(2014,4,2,onDateChanged);

which sets the year, month and day and the event handler.

If you run the app you will see:

datepickerevent

 

This tells you at once (February is selected and the data is 1/20/2015_ that the months are numbered starting with Jan at zero not 1. The solution is to add one to the month number. 

The complete program, also in the CodeBin is:

import android.support.v7.app.AppCompatActivity;
import android.os.Bundle;
import android.view.Menu;
import android.view.MenuItem;
import android.widget.DatePicker;
import android.widget.TextView;

public class MainActivity extends AppCompatActivity {

@Override
 protected void onCreate(Bundle savedInstanceState)  {
  super.onCreate(savedInstanceState);
  setContentView(R.layout.activity_main);
  DatePicker dp = (DatePicker)  
            findViewById(R.id.datePicker);
  dp.init(2014,4,2,onDateChanged);
  dp.setCalendarViewShown(false);
  dp.setSpinnersShown(true);

 }

 DatePicker.OnDateChangedListener onDateChanged=
     new DatePicker.OnDateChangedListener() {
   @Override
   public void onDateChanged(
      DatePicker view,
      int year,
      int monthOfYear,
      int dayOfMonth) {
    TextView tv =
     (TextView)findViewById(R.id.textView);
    tv.setText(Integer.toString(monthOfYear+1) +
       "/"+Integer.toString(dayOfMonth)+
       "/"+Integer.toString(year) );
  }
 };

}

Androidgears



Last Updated ( Sunday, 08 May 2016 )
 
 

   
Copyright © 2016 i-programmer.info. All Rights Reserved.
Joomla! is Free Software released under the GNU/GPL License.