|Just jQuery The Core UI - Creating Objects|
|Written by Ian Elliot|
|Thursday, 29 December 2022|
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One of the big advantages of JQuery is that it is easy to use to create DOM objects and incorporate them into existing pages.
This is an extract from my book Just jQuery The Core UI.
Available as a Book:
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jQuery provides you with methods for working with the DOM in ways powerful enough to allow you to create complete pages or custom controls that extend what you can incorporate into an HTML page. You aren't just limited to changing what is already there, you can create it from scratch.
When you first start working with jQuery there is a tendency to focus on the selector. Writing a selector that picks out the exact elements in the page that you are looking for can be a challenge. However, you really shouldn't get too bogged down in the details. You can use jQuery to find elements and then modify them, but in many cases it is as useful, and probably more useful, to use jQuery to create elements for you.
For example, it is easy to write a function that will dynamically create a table, complete with data, if this is what is required. You can also use the same techniques to build custom controls using nothing but the basic DOM elements.
We have two tasks to examine. The first is how do you create a DOM object and the second is how do you modify the existing DOM by inserting, replacing and delete DOM objects?
Making DOM Objects
jQuery makes it trivial to create a DOM object, wrapped as a jQuery object.
All you have to do is use the global jQuery function.
For example, to create a div you simply use:
Notice that you do need to include the full tag including "<>".
is a selector that returns a jQuery object containing an array of all of the div elements in the page.
The rule is that if you make the call $(string) then, if the string parses to valid HTML, the elements it contains are created as a DOM sub-tree - more of this later.
If the string isn't valid HTML, then jQuery attempts to interpret it as a selector and to return the corresponding elements as an array in a jQuery object.
This is very convenient, but notice that it is something that can create errors that are hard to find if you don't keep in mind the difference between:
You also need to notice that to create a single DOM object you don't need a closing tag to make the HTML valid. That is, you don't have to use:
It works, but the closing tag is unnecessary.
The final thing to notice is that the object that is created is a jQuery object containing an array of DOM element objects, even when only one DOM object has been created.
is a DOM element object corresponding to a div and not a jQuery object.
When you are creating a single HTML element object the closing tag doesn't matter, but when you are working with multiple objects it becomes vital.
If you specify more than one HTML tag then how you specify the closing tag determines how the objects are nested.
If you just write one tag after another without specifying any closing tags then each object is created as a child of the one before. For example:
creates a single object which corresponds to the sub-tree:
<div> <div> <p> </p> </div> </div>
You can create other arrangements of sub-tree by explicitly including the closing tags. For example:
creates an array of three DOM objects.
is an object corresponding to the first div and:
corresponds to the final p.
The rule is that the valid HTML is parsed to create a single object for each element at the top level, with other objects nested within it as the markup dictates.
|Last Updated ( Thursday, 29 December 2022 )|