TypeScript 1.7
Written by Kay Ewbank   
Monday, 14 December 2015

TypeScript, an extension for JavaScript that was originally developed by Microsoft but now resides on Github with a wider range of developers, was recently updated. TypeScript 1.7 brings with it support for ES6 async functions.

typescriptlogo

The support for async functions for ECMAScript 6 (ES6) is part of a long-standing drive to align TypeScript with ES6. In a post back in 2014 on the TypeScript blog, Jonathan Turner said that:

"Aligning with ES6 allows TypeScript to become a superset of the next JavaScript, opening the way for working with new code patterns like destructuring, string templates, promises, iterators and more in addition to features TypeScript already supports, such as classes and lambda functions."

The TypeScript roadmap shows that the developers are planning to add async/await support for ES3 and ES5 by version 2.0. The async support is enabled by default, and should widen the usability of TypeScript as it means ES6 generators such as node.js v4 and above will be able to make use of asynchronous methods without having to wait for the operations to complete.

If you set up your tsconfig.json like this:

"compilerOptions": {
  "target": "ES6",
  "module": "commonjs"
}

The compiled JavaScript output can then run in Node.js:

 

 typescript

 

In addition to the async support, the new version adds support for polymorphic 'this' typing. The feature has been added to make TypeScript offer better support for the sort of coding where you want to return the current object (i.e. this) from a method to create fluent-style APIs. Until now, the difficulty has been in extending types, because TypeScript 'forgot' the extended types. As is explained on the TypeScript wiki:

"TypeScript now infers this to have a special type called this whenever inside an instance method of a class. The this type is written as so, and basically means "the type of the left side of the dot in a method call"."

Adding the support has meant TypeScript 1.7 has made changes in inferring the type from 'this', which means some code could be broken. In a class, the type of the value this will be inferred to the this type, and subsequent assignments from values of the original type can fail. There's a code sample with the recommended work around, along with a list of other potentially breaking changes, on GitHub.

The final major improvement is the addition of the exponentiation operator. The ECMAScript committee recently moved this to stage 3, so the TypeScript developers decided it was ready for TypeScript to adopt, and added support for it in TypeScript 1.7, meaning you'll be able to use the ** and **= operators for raising to a power.

The new version is available on Github.

typescriptlogo

More Information

Announcing TypeScript 1.7

What's New in TypeScript 1.7

TypeScript on GitHub

 

Related Articles

Visual Studio Tools Updated

TypeScript 1.5 Released       

TypeScript Goes Light, Moves To GitHub 

TypeScript Fully Accepted into Visual Studio 

Getting Started With TypeScript

 

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Last Updated ( Monday, 14 December 2015 )