There is one special type of destructuring designed to make it easier to use varargs. If you pass parameters to a vararg one by one it builds an array for you to hold them. What if you already have the arguments in an array? This is where the spread operator, * comes in. It allows you to pass an array directly to the varargs as an array. You can think of it as unpacking the array into separate parameters, which is why it can be regarded as a destructuring operator. For example:
val list =asList(*a)
The asList method expects a vararg of the individual elements that will be used to create the list. The spread operator passes the array as if it was a set of individual parameters.
Kotlin doesn’t provide structs or any value alternative to classes, but it does provide a data class which has data properties and a set of methods to work with them.
Equality is a difficult thing to define in an object-oriented world. There are two basic equality operators == for equality of reference and === for structural or content equality.
If you want equality to be correctly interpreted for your custom classes you need to implement your own equals method. This can either perform a shallow or a deep comparison.
Arrays have a referential definition of equals, but you can also use contentEquals for a shallow structural equals and contentDeepEquals for a deep structural equals.
The data classes, List, Map and Set have a generated shallow equals.
Enums allow you to construct ordinal data representations that map names to integers. An enum behaves like a static class that has properties that are instances of the same type.
An enum can have properties and methods, but these are shared between all instances of the type.
Sealed classes provide an alternative to enum, but you have to do more work to implement similar behavior. They work like a set of derived classes that form a known set. The compiler will check that you have included them all in a when expression.
Delegation is an alternative to inheritance and you can automatically delegate property implementation to a specific object that implements a delegated interface.
Destructuring is a simple mechanism for unpacking the data contained in a structure into individual variables.
The spread operator * allows you to pass an array to a vararg parameter.